Click the links below to learn more about the evidence for specific non-pharmacological pain treatment methods.

Unmapped Treatment Methods

There are several pain management methods that were not included in this mapping resource primarily due to a lack of published scientific research and resulting evidence.  While they did not meet the requirements for inclusion, we do provide some additional information about these methods. Click here for more information.

Key Evidence Resources

If you would like to read more articles and research about complementary and integrative health therapies, you can do your own review of the scientific evidence by searching Pubmed, a U.S. government citation database of over 32 million scientific papers. The National Center for Complementary and Integrative has provided a guide to using Pubmed.